Periodically, it is necessary to take stock, especially regarding people and organisations abroad, of the urban transport situation in France and on our know-how in this area. The Land Transport Division of the Ministry of Public Works and Transport had already issued brochures on this subject, first in 1990 and then in 1995. As both editions were out of print and no longer reflected the current situation, the Land Transport Division felt it necessary to entrust CERTU (a national service of the Ministry of Public Works and Transport) with the task of producing a new edition that is now available. The first part mainly focuses on institutional aspects and the following are presented in succession; - the different types of organising authorities and their missions. In 1999 and 2000, three new laws were passed, widening the role of local authorities and giving them more resources. The impact of these laws on urban transport is analysed; - operating companies, whether independent or linked to major companies; - contractual relations between the organising authorities and the companies, with the existence of several legal frameworks regulating operation, - the financing of urban transport by the passengers, the government, the territorial authorities and employers. France has set up a specific tax to finance part of this transport known as the transport tax. Regarding most of these points, the Paris region often relies on a specific system: its particularities are clearly set out and are dealt with by a separate chapter on their institutional organisation. The second part of the work comprises nine monographs on 8 provincial cities and the Paris region. It describes concrete examples of implementation, experiences and projects, with illustrations of French know-how in areas a diverse as global transport policy on the level of a conurbation, the development of an automatic metro network, implementing tools related to quality and multi-modal information, and implementing public transport lines on dedicated lanes that require various forms of legal-financial frameworks. The work includes about forty colour photographs, maps, diagrams and drawings. Besides French and English versions available on paper and a bilingual version on CD-ROM mainly aimed at foreign distribution, all or part of the files can be downloaded from CERTU's internet site from mid-April onwards.
Auteur(s) : CERTU